Before going into the steps to prevent global warming, it will be relevant to know what it is all about and the reasons for worldwide concerns about it.
The earth has a natural greenhouse cover that maintains temperatures at a level that fosters plant life and makes it possible for humans and other forms of life to live comfortably. However, since the Industrial Revolution, human activities have affected this fabric that protects the globe, raising average temperatures by almost a degree centigrade. This is what is called global warming and its severity and negative impact can be understood when research shows that the last massive changes in temperatures occurred during the Ice Age. Since then until recently, the average temperature of the earth has been static around 5 degrees Centigrade.
Over the last 100 years or so, the temperature of the earth’s surface has risen by 0.75°C (1.4°F). Of this change, two-thirds has been after 1975, once again showing how vulnerable the earth is today to global warming. Scientists have found that the primary cause of this is accumulation of greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere due to human action. This warming of the earth is raising sea levels and melting polar caps and glaciers resulting in unseasonal rains and floods forcing people to change cropping patterns and way of life.
What then are the steps that you can take to prevent global warming?
Avoiding harmful carbon emissions
Use your car only if you have to. Or better still buy a hybrid car or an electric one. Emission from burning of fossil fuel is considered to be the single largest cause of global warming. Why don’t you ride a bicycle to work, regardless of whether you are a CEO of a multinational or a technician in a company creating strategies based on Blockchain in Melbourne or wherever you may be located? Not only will you be healthier and fitter, you will also be contributing your mite for the preservation of the environment. You can even opt for a car pool membership or take the local public transport to work.
Eat local and fresh foods
Strange as it may sound, this has a definite bearing on global warming. Today, you can have any food you desire regardless of whether it is in season or not. You will find peaches or apples or oranges round the year on supermarket shelves with cartons marked “Made in Mexico” or “Made in Chile” half way around the globe. The point is that transportation of these foods to your country is exponentially contributing to emission of gas from burning of fossil fuel. Buy local foods that are in season. It will not only help the farmers in your country but will also make for a healthy diet.
Reduce water usage
Controlling your water usage to the required minimum can reduce carbon pollution too. This is because a lot of energy is used to treat the water and pump it to your home. After that you will be heating the water which further aggravates the problem. Some statistics are truly mindboggling. Even if one out of every home in the USA is fitted with water efficient fixtures, there will b e a saving of 100 million kilowatt hours of electricity. That translates into 80,000 tons of gasses directly linked to global warming.
By being aware and conscious of the harmful effects of global warming and taking preventive measures to mitigate this problem, you will be paving the way for a better world for generations to come.